working together for the future of faith
(2a) Luke 24:12;
(2b) John 20:2-10
(3) Luke 24:34
(4) IgnSmyr 3:2a
(5) John 21:15-23
/1/ Now I would remind you, brothers and sisters, of the good news that I proclaimed to you, which you in turn received, in which also you stand, /2/ through which also you are being saved, if you hold firmly to the message that I proclaimed to you--unless you have come to believe in vain. /3/ For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, /4/ and that he was buried, and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, /5/ and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. /6/ Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers and sisters at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have died. /7/ Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. /8/ Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me. /9/ For I am the least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. /10/ But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace toward me has not been in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them--though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me. /11/ Whether then it was I or they, so we proclaim and so you have come to believe.
(2) The Empty Tomb
(2a) Luke 24:12
/12/ But Peter got up and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen cloths by themselves; then he went home, amazed at what had happened.
(2b) John 20:2-10
/1/ Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb. /2/ So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him." /3/ Then Peter and the other disciple set out and went toward the tomb. /4/ The two were running together, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. /5/ He bent down to look in and saw the linen wrappings lying there, but he did not go in. /6/ Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb. He saw the linen wrappings lying there, /7/ and the cloth that had been on Jesus' head, not lying with the linen wrappings but rolled up in a place by itself. /8/ Then the other disciple, who reached the tomb first, also went in, and he saw and believed; /9/ for as yet they did not understand the scripture, that he must rise from the dead. /10/ Then the disciples returned to their homes.
/34/ They were saying, "The Lord has risen indeed, and he has appeared to Simon!"
Chapter III. Christ Was Possessed of a Body After His Resurrection.
For I know that after His resurrection also He was still possessed of flesh,18 and I believe that He is so now. When, for instance, He came to those who were with Peter, He said to them, "Lay hold, handle Me, and see that I am not an incorporeal spirit."19 And immediately they touched Him, and believed, being convinced both by His flesh and spirit. For this cause also they despised death, and were found its conquerors.20 And after his resurrection He did eat and drink with them, as being possessed of flesh, although spiritually He was united to the Father. [ANF]
/15/ When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon son of John, do you love me more than these?" He said to him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." Jesus said to him, "Feed my lambs." /16/ A second time he said to him, "Simon son of John, do you love me?" He said to him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." Jesus said to him, "Tend my sheep." /17/ He said to him the third time, "Simon son of John, do you love me?" Peter felt hurt because he said to him the third time, "Do you love me?" And he said to him, "Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you." Jesus said to him, "Feed my sheep. /18/ Very truly, I tell you, when you were younger, you used to fasten your own belt and to go wherever you wished. But when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will fasten a belt around you and take you where you do not wish to go." /19/ (He said this to indicate the kind of death by which he would glorify God.) After this he said to him, "Follow me." /20/ Peter turned and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them; he was the one who had reclined next to Jesus at the supper and had said, "Lord, who is it that is going to betray you?" /21/ When Peter saw him, he said to Jesus, "Lord, what about him?" /22/ Jesus said to him, "If it is my will that he remain until I come, what is that to you? Follow me!" /23/ So the rumor spread in the community that this disciple would not die. Yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but, "If it is my will that he remain until I come, what is that to you?"
John Dominic Crossan
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
The resurrection traditions were considered at the Seminar session in March 1995. Voting records were published in The Fourth R 8.2 (Mar/Apr 1995) and Forum 10,3-4 (Sep/Dec 1994).
Item %Red %Pink %Gray %Black W Avg Color Peter (Cephas) had at least one visionary religious experience, which he came to regard as an appearance of the risen Jesus
Pink Luke 24:33b-49
Black John 20:3-10
Black John 21:15-23
Black The formation of the appearance traditions mentioned in 1 Cor 15:3-8 falls into the time between 30 and 33 CE.