working together for the future of faith
Thom 39:1-2 = POxy655 39:1-2
(1b) Thom 102
(2) 2Q: Luke 11:52 = Matt 23:13
(1a) Thom 39:1-2
39 Jesus said, "The Pharisees and the scholars have taken the keys of knowledge and have hidden them. 2 They have not entered, nor have they allowed those who want to enter to do so. [Complete Gospels]
= POxy655 39:1-2
Ch. 39 1 [Jesus says, "The Pharisees and the scholars] have [taken the keys] of [knowledge; they themselves have] hidden [them. 2 Neither] have [they] entered, [nor] have they [allowed those who want to] enter [to do so.] [Complete Gospels]
(1b) Thom 102
102 Jesus said, "Damn the Pharisees! They are like a dog sleeping in the cattle manger: the dog neither eats nor [lets] the cattle eat." [Complete Gospels]
(2) 2Q: Luke 11:52
Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge; you did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering."
= Matt 23:13
"But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you lock people out of the kingdom of heaven. For you do not go in yourselves, and when others are going in, you stop them.
A DOG lay in a manger, and by his growling and snapping prevented the oxen from eating the hay which had been placed for them. "What a selfish Dog!" said one of them to his companions; "he cannot eat the hay himself, and yet refuses to allow those to eat who can." [Internet Sacred Text Archive]
John Dominic Crossan
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Common Sayings Tradition: Yes
Crossan draws on this item in his discussion of open commensality [Historical Jesus, 261-64]. He considers the version in Thom 102 as the more original, because of "its conjunction of woe, dog-in-the-manger proverb, and metaphor of eating." For his detailed argument see In Fragments: The Aphorisms of Jesus (1983:29-36).
Color Thom 39:1-2 153 Q, T 87StP 0 30 48 22 0.36 Gray POxy655 39:1 153 Q, T 87StP 0 30 48 22 0.36 Gray Thom 102 153 Q, T 87StP 0 18 23 59 0.20 Black Luke 11:52 153 Q, T 87StP 4 26 43 26 0.36 Gray Matt 23:13 153 Q, T 87StP 0 39 26 35 0.35 Gray
The commentary in The Five Gospels assigns nothing higher than a Gray assessment to any of the versions of this saying, and gives the Thom 102 version just a Back grading;
This proverb is a more metaphorical version of the proverb that appears in Thom 39;1-2; Luke 11:52; and Matt 23:13. The saying was attributed to Aesop and other sages and was widely known in the ancient Near East. It belongs to the category of common wisdom that was frequently attributed to Jesus by his followers. (p. 527)