working together for the future of faith
(1b) Thom 101
(2) 1Q: Luke 14:25-26 = Matt 10:37
(1a) Thom 55:1-2a
55 Jesus said, "Whoever does not hate father and mother cannot be my disciple, 2 and whoever does not hate brothers and sisters, and carry the cross as I do, will not be worthy of me." [Complete Gospels]
(1b) Thom 101
101 "Whoever does not hate [father] and mother as I do cannot be my [disciple], 2 and whoever does [not] love [father and] mother as I do cannot be my [disciple]. 3For my mother [. . .], but my true [mother] gave me life." [Complete Gospels]
(2) Luke 14:25-26
14:25 Now large crowds were traveling with him; and he turned and said to them, 14:26 "Whoever comes to me and does not hate father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, yes, and even life itself, cannot be my disciple.
= Matt 10:37
10:37 Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; 10:38 and whoever does not take up the cross and follow me is not worthy of me.
John Dominic Crossan
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Common Sayings Tradition: Yes
Crossan [Historical Jesus, 299-302] discusses Jesus opposition to the patriarchal family. He observes:
The strife is not between believers and non-believers but quite simply, and as it says, between the generations and in both directions. Jesus will tear the hierarchical or patriarchal family in two along the axis of domination and subordination. Second, and even more significant, is that the division imagined cuts across sex and gender. (p. 300)
Color Thom 55:1-2a 71 Q, T 87StP 5 18 45 32 0.32 Gray 71 Q, T 89Tor 22 13 56 9 0.49 Gray Thom 101:1-3 71 Q, T 87StP 0 5 9 86 0.06 Black 71 Q, T 89Tor 6 12 18 64 0.20 Black Luke 14:25-26 71 Q, T 87StP 4 30 43 22 0.39 Gray 71 Q, T 87StP 27 18 48 6 0.56 Pink Matt 10:37 71 Q, T 87StP 0 22 43 35 0.29 Gray 71 Q, T 89Tor 9 22 44 25 0.39 Gray
The commentary in The Five Gospels observes:
This saying, which must have been offensive to Jesus' audience when he first enunciated it, has suffered the fate of other harsh sayings in the tradition. Matthew softens it by making the love of family subordinate to the love of Jesus. But Luke and Thomas retain the rigorous form: hatred of family is a condition of discipleship.
The severity of this saying can only be understood in the context of the primacy of filial relationships. Individuals had no real existence apart from their ties to blood relatives, especially parents. If one did not belong to a family, one had no real social existence. Jesus is therefore confronting the social structures that governed society at their core For Jesus, family ties faded into insignificance in relation to God's imperial rule, which he regarded as the fundamental claim on human loyalty. (p. 353)