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Love Your Enemies


(1) P. Oxy. 1224, 2 r i, lines 1-2a
(2a) 1Q: Luke 6:27-28,35a = Matt 5:43-44
(2b) Pol. Phil. 12:3a
(2c) Did. 1:3b



(1) POxy1224 2 r i, lines 1-2a

Ch. 6 1[A]nd p[r]ay for your [ene]mies. For the one who is not [against y]ou is on your side. 2[The one who today i]s at a distance, tomorrow will [b]e [near you,] and in [...] of the advers[ary] [Complete Gospels]


(2a) Luke 6:27-28,35a

6:27 "But I say to you that listen, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 6:28 bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. … 6:35 But love your enemies, do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return. Your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the wicked.

= Matt 5:43-44
5:44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 5:45 so that you may be children of your Father in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the righteous and on the unrighteous. 5:46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?


(2b) PolPhil 12:3a

Pray for all the saints. Pray also for kings, and potentates, and princes, and for those that persecute and hate you, and for the enemies of the cross, that your fruit may be manifest to all, and that ye may be perfect in Him. [ANF]


(2c) Did 1:3b

/3b/ Bless those who curse you, and pray for your enemies, and fast for those who persecute you. For what grace do you expect if you (only) love those who love you? Do not even the nations do that? As for you, love those who hate you, and you will not have any enemy. [Hermeneia]




John Dominic Crossan

Item: 114
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Attestation: Double
Historicity: +
Common Sayings Tradition: No



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