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Mark 1:35-39 = Matt 4:23 = Luke 4:42-44
(1b) John 2:12-13
(1a) Mark 1:35-39 = Matt 4:23 = Luke 4:42-44
1:35 In the morning, while it was still very dark, he got up and went out to a deserted place, and there he prayed. 1:36 And Simon and his companions hunted for him. 1:37 When they found him, they said to him, "Everyone is searching for you." 1:38 He answered, "Let us go on to the neighboring towns, so that I may proclaim the message there also; for that is what I came out to do." 1:39 And he went throughout Galilee, proclaiming the message in their synagogues and casting out demons.
= Matt 4:23
4:23 Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom and curing every disease and every sickness among the people.
= Luke 4:42-44
4:42 At daybreak he departed and went into a deserted place. And the crowds were looking for him; and when they reached him, they wanted to prevent him from leaving them. 4:43 But he said to them, "I must proclaim the good news of the kingdom of God to the other cities also; for I was sent for this purpose." 4:44 So he continued proclaiming the message in the synagogues of Judea.
(1b) John 2:12-13
2:12 After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples; and they remained there a few days. 2:13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
RCL: Year B, Epiphany 5
ECUSA & RC: Year B, Ordinary Sunday 5
John Dominic Crossan
Stratum: II (60-80 CE)
Color Mark 1:38b 182 K 89Mk 5 26 21 47 0.30 Gray
While the Seminar treated this passage as an editorial transition designed to create a sense of Jesus as moving about various parts of the Galilee, the Fellows also agreed that it preserves several items of reliable information about Jesus:
Jesus practiced prayer in seclusion.
Jesus preached in the synagogues of Galilee.
Jesus drove out what were thought to be demons.
Two of these items have since been challenged:
In Jesus Before God. The prayer life of the historical Jesus, Hal Taussig has observed that the representation of Jesus as someone who spent time in secluded prayer prior to making important decisions is mostly the creation of Luke, whereas Mark gives little attention to Jesus at prayer and includes no tradition of Jesus teaching his followers to pray:
The consistency with which the writers have pursued their own vision of Jesus at prayer had made it rather easy to conclude that much of what they have written was neither historically accurate nor even intended to be. Everything from John's divine Son Jesus in inimitable union with the Father, to Luke's cameos of Jesus at prayer at pivotal moments in the story, to Matthew and Thomas linking of fasting and prayer—all these have clearly shown the fingerprints of the particular gospel writer clearly on the image of Jesus at prayer. (p. 47)
Research on the history of the synagogue in second Temple Judaism has also suggested that there may not have been any synagogue buildings in Galilee during Jesus' lifetime. While it is possible that Jesus taught in the synagogue gatherings (as distinct from synagogue buildings), it is more likely that the gospel accounts reflect tension between Jesus missionaries and the Torah-observant synagogue communities later in the 1C.